This report reviews current knowledge on how primary nanoparticle attributes determine the pore size distribution (PoSD) of porous materials synthesized from them. Different experimental and simulation methods to obtain porous materials from primary nanoparticles are introduced. Geometric analysis and isotherm fitting methods to derive the PoSD are described. The effects of various attributes of primary nanoparticles (size, shape, and the way of packing) are summarized. A multiscale simulation strategy is proposed that could provide a description of generating a material with targeted PoSD from nanoparticles.